Increasing the Resilience of Students in Educational and Economic Inequalities from a Psychological and Human Capital Point of View

Alejandra García-Ochoa Mora, Imro’atul Husna Afriani

Abstract


Abstract : This study is a psychological study with a human capital development approach. This research uses a mixed-methods approach qualitative and quantitative. The quantitative method plays a role in making measurements and the qualitative is to confirm the results of quantitative measurements
using the ethnographic method carried out in two colleges consisting of 50 students and triangulated with 571 students in Indonesia using a questionnaire
system, FGD and observation. The sampling system was carried out randomly from two different groups, the first group from the 19-year-old group who were
still new students and the second group aged 23 years to 25 years who were final year students. The data obtained from this questionnaire shows that the results of the in-depth interviews with 50 students are valid or in accordance with the results of the questionnaire as triangulation, and display some predictive validity that meets the requirements. Students who score significantly higher on the Trust, Planning and Persistence measures have the potential to continue their studies to the end despite economic constraints. The results of the study concluded that increasing student resilience or resilience was by encouraging the
best student competencies according to their talents and interests without labelling deficiencies negatively in both the academic and non-academic fields. This requires the attention and support of lecturers as the closest supervisor, especially students who live outside the city or abroad. Student self-esteem is a key factor in student success in academics and life. When their selfesteem
is well developed it will increase the student's resilience and fortitude in facing problems and tend to solve problems. And vice versa when his self-esteem is destroyed or destroyed by other people will behave and respond to problems in different ways.

Keywords: Human Resource Development, Human Capital, Education, Psychological Factors


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